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Determiners come first in noun phrases, before adjectives and noun modifiers. My two best friends at school were Mike and Terry.

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All your books got wet when you left them in the garden — do you remember? However, we can use a quantifying determiner some, many, enoughetc. Many of the people present were very angry. When there is more than one determiner in a noun phrase, we put them in a fixed order. The table shows the order from left to right. We can use many, much, more, most, few and little after the or after a demonstrative or a possessive, especially in formal styles:.

She spent the little money she had left on a new coat and hat.

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Those few books which were not destroyed in the fire have been transferred to the new library. I shall invite my many friends to join me on my 65th birthday. Allboth and half can come before articles, demonstratives and possessives. We can use them with or without ofwith no difference in meaning:. All that food should be put in the fridge. Do both your parents work in the city?

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Determiners other than allboth and half must be used with of if they come before articles, demonstratives or possessives:. Do you want any of these boxes, or shall I throw them away? Most of her school friends got married before she did.

Two of my favourite programmes are on TV at the same time! Determiners which we use with of in this way are:. In formal styles, we use each of, every one of, none of and any of with a singular verb when they are the subject:. Each of the children was given a place to hang their coat and bag.

None of my friends owns a house. None of the computers are working. Determiners with and without of may have slightly different meanings.

Some people had gathered in the main square. Some of the people in the hall sounded very angry. The school needs more teachers. I wish we had more of this paper. I like the colour. Few cities have solved the problems associated with traffic congestion.

Very few of the children seemed to know basic maths. Determiners which show quantity underlined may occasionally have words before them modifiers, in bold which make them more specific or stronger:.

Nearly every shop was closed for the public holiday. The college has received many more applications this year than last year, but the total is still far fewer than ten years ago.An important role in English grammar is played by determiners — words or phrases that precede a noun or noun phrase and serve to express its reference in the context. The most common of these are the definite and indefinite articlesthe and a n.

Other determiners in English include demonstratives such as this and thatpossessives such as my and the boy'sand quantifiers such as allmanyand three.

determiner phrase in a language without determinersl

In many contexts the presence of some determiner is required in order to form a complete noun phrase. However, in some cases complete noun phrases are formed without any determiner sometimes referred to as "zero determiner" or " zero article "as in the sentence Apples are fruit. Determiners can also be used in certain combinations, as in my many friends or all the chairs. The terminology used in accounts of English grammar to refer to determiners is very varied.

In the present article, a broad view is taken of what constitutes a determiner; it includes the articles and words and phrases that can substitute for them, as well as words and phrases serving as quantifiers. This means that determiners as construed here include words from the determiner classsuch as thethismyand manyas well as nominal possessives John'sthe tall boy'sand other specifying or quantifying phrases such as more than threealmost alland this size as in this size shoes.

determiner phrase in a language without determinersl

Note that many words or phrases that serve as determiners can also play the role of pronouns ; for example, the word all is a determiner in the sentences All men are equal and I know all the rulesbut a pronoun in All's well that ends well. In other cases, there is a related but distinct pronoun form; for example, the determiners my and no have corresponding pronouns mine and none. Determiners that consist of phrases rather than single words might be called determiner phrasesalthough this should probably be avoided as the term is also used to refer to a noun phrase headed by a determiner see Determiner phrase.

An alternative term is phrasal determiners. The following is a rough classification of determiners used in English, including both words and phrases:. Consult Wiktionary for more information on the meanings and usage of the words listed here. It also contains a fairly complete list of words that can be classed as determiners in English.

In some contexts a complete noun phrase can exist without any determiner or with "zero determiner". The main types of such cases are:. For more information, see English articles. To specify a quantity within a definite class as opposed to a definite class of a given quantityit is often possible to use a quantifier in pronoun form often identical to the determiner formfollowed by of and a definite determiner.

For example, three of the micefew of my enemiesnone of these picturesmuch of John's information.

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An alternative construction with possessives is to place of and the pronoun form of the possessive after the noun: few enemies of minemuch information of John's. As with other parts of speech, it is often possible to connect determiners of the same type with the conjunctions and and or : his and her childrentwo or three beans.

determiner phrase in a language without determinersl

In traditional English grammar, determiners were not considered a separate part of speech — most of them would have been classed as adjectives. However there are certain differences between determiners and ordinary adjectives although the boundary is not always entirely clear.

However there are certain exceptions when the determiner is the indefinite article a n : that article normally comes after an adjective modified with soastoo or how.

For example:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Plurals Prefixes in English Suffixes frequentative. Word types. Abbreviations Capitalization Comma Hyphen.

Variant usage. Meaning, Words, Examples". The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Categories : English grammar. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references.

Possessive Pronouns \u0026 Possessive Determiners - Learn English with Julia

Namespaces Article Talk.They are commonly placed before a noun or a noun phrase, in order to indicate whether the speaker is referring to a specific thing or to something of a particular kind. Difference Between Determiners and Adjectives. Determiners and adjectives are related in such a way that they both modify a noun or a noun phrase. However, the main difference between the two is that determiners are placed before nouns and introduce them to the audience, while adjectives modify nouns by providing further details about them.

Another difference between the two is that determiners cannot be graded unlike adjectives, which can be expressed in different intensities. For instance, an object may be big, bigger, or biggest. Determiners can serve a variety of purposes in sentences and can have different meanings. One of the most common functions of determiners is to define or demonstrate an object or a person.

For instance, it can show whether the noun that is mentioned in the sentence is something specific or unspecific. Another common purpose of this grammatical form, is that it can also indicate the differences between nouns.

Although there are also other functions of determiners such as for expressing quantity, possession, and questions, most of these purposes are related to the two key areas mentioned earlier. It is not that difficult to understand determiners because they are commonly used in written and verbal English.

In order to fully grasp the concept, it is also advisable to study about the different types of determiners which are presented in the next section. Different Kinds of Determiners. There are different kinds of determiners and each one serves a different function. These types include articles, quantifiers, demonstratives, possessives, and interrogatives.

There are only three examples of articles, and these are: the, a, and an. The former is used if it precedes a noun that starts with a consonant e. As the name suggests, quantifiers are used to express the quantity.

This kind of determiners demonstrates and functions as pointers of a particular noun. Basically, demonstratives indicate the position or location of a noun from the point of view of the speaker. Some examples of demonstratives include: this, these, that, and those.

This type of determiners is used to express possession or ownership of a noun. Possessive determiners are different from possessive pronounsbecause possessive pronouns can be independent or can stand alone. Some examples of possessives include: my, his, mine, our, their, and her.

As the term implies, the interrogative determiners are used for asking questions. The three examples of interrogatives are: what, whose, and which. Your email address will not be published. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.In linguisticsa determiner phrase DP is a type of phrase posited by some theories of syntax.

The head of a DP is a determineras opposed to a noun. For example in the phrase the carthe is a determiner and car is a noun; the two combine to form a phrase, and on the DP-analysis, the determiner the is head over the noun car. The existence of DPs is a controversial issue in the study of syntax. The traditional analysis of phrases such as the car is that the noun is the head, which means the phrase is a noun phrase NPnot a determiner phrase.

Beginning in the mid s, an alternative analysis arose that posits the determiner as the head, which makes the phrase a DP instead of an NP. The DP-analysis of phrases such as the car is the majority view in generative grammar today government and binding theory and minimalist program [2]. Most frameworks outside of generative grammar continue to assume the traditional NP analysis of noun phrases.

For instance, representational phrase structure grammars assume NP, e. Construction grammar and role and reference grammar also assume NP instead of DP.

The point at issue concerns the hierarchical status of determiners. Various types of determiners in English are summarized in the following table:.

Should the determiner in phrases such as the car and those ideas be construed as the head of or as a dependent in the phrase? The following trees illustrate the competing analyses, DP vs. The two possibilities are illustrated first using dependency-based structures of dependency grammars :.

The a-examples show the determiners dominating the nouns, and the b-examples reverse the relationship, since the nouns dominate the determiners. The same distinction is illustrated next using constituency-based trees of phrase structure grammarswhich are equivalent to the above:.

The convention used here employs the words themselves as the labels on the nodes in the structure. Whether a dependency-based or constituency-based approach to syntax is employed, the issue is which word is the head over the other. The original motivation for the DP-analysis came in the form of parallelism across phrase and clause. The DP-analysis provides a basis for viewing clauses and phrases as structurally parallel. The traditional NP-analysis has the drawback that it positions the determiner, which is often a pure function word, below the lexical noun, which is usually a full content word.

The traditional NP-analysis is therefore unlike the analysis of clauses, which positions the functional categories as heads over the lexical categories. The point is illustrated by drawing a parallel to the analysis of auxiliary verbs. Given a combination such as will understandone views the modal auxiliary verb willa function word, as head over the main verb understanda content word.

Extending this type of analysis to a phrase like the carthe determiner thea function word, should be head over cara content word.

In so doing, the NP the car becomes a DP. The point is illustrated with simple dependency-based hierarchies:.Definition, Examples of Grammatical Determiners. Determiner definition: A determiner is a word that comes before a noun or noun phrase to clarify if the noun is specific or general.

What is a determiner in grammar? A determiner is a word that comes before a noun or noun phrase. A determiner identifies whether the noun or noun phrase is general or specific. In the first example, we do not know which dog barked. What does adjective mean? An adjective modifies a noun. Determiners and adjectives look similar because they both are placed before a noun. Additionally, both adjectives and determiners provide greater detail to nouns.

However, a determiner shows the relationship of the noun to the speaker whereas an adjective describes a quality of the noun. Here is a list of determiners along with examples of each. Articles are determiners. They modify a noun in that they identify specific or general.

Demonstrative pronouns are determiners. They modify a noun in that they specify the noun. Possessive nouns and pronouns are determiners. They modify a noun in that they specify to whom something belongs. Indefinite pronouns are determiners. They modify a noun in that they refer to a general quantity. What is the function of determiners in grammar? A determiner clarifies specific or general. It also identifies the relationship of an item to the speaker.

Define determiner: the definition of determiner is a word that modifies a noun by determining the kind of reference it has.

Determiners are different than adjectives in that they show the relationship to the speaker whereas an adjective describes a quality of the noun. Contents 1 What is a Determiner?Determiner in English! Learn determiner definition, different types of determiners in English with useful examples and ESL printable infographic.

Determiners are a kind of noun modifier; they precede and are necessarily followed by nouns.


There are three articles : a, an, and the. Its uses are as follows:. Quantifiers form a sub-class under determiners. They are adjectives or phrases that serve to answer two possible questions:.

This and these used for singular and plural nouns respectively refer to objects that close by. For example: Whose car is this? Whose cars are these? That and those used for singular and plural nouns respectively refer to objects that are further away.

The closeness can be physical or psychological. For example: Who lives in that house? Numbers are cardinal one, two, three, etc and ordinal first, second, third, etc.

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Cardinal numbers are adjectives that indicate quantity There are fives apples on the tableand ordinal numbers indicate rank or order This is the first time for me on a plane. Determiner: Types of Determiners with Useful Examples.

Notify of. Oldest Newest Most Voted. Inline Feedbacks. Would love your thoughts, please comment.All singular nouns require some kind of marker. A friend called. A hair is on your sweater.

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Plural count nouns do not require but can take a determinative marker. A noun phrase without a marker is called a bare noun phrase. Noncount mass nouns. Hair makes a guy look young. Some hair makes a guy look young. I called a friend. We'll ask the friend that you called. Ask this friend. He was calling all night. This angered them. My friend is here. My brother's friend is here. California's history…. All friends want loyalty.

All your friends called back. Both parents called back. Each friend called back.

determiner phrase in a language without determinersl

Some friends called back. Either friend will call back. Not one friend called back. Another friend called back. We have enough food. You want which size? I'll tell you what time we're leaving.